The Yangshang(阳上)Tone Category in the Hakka Dialect of Datang Village in Longchuan County
Zhuang Chusheng Department of Chinese and Literature,Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510275 Research Center of Chinese Dialects, Jinan University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510632
The paper verifies that a Hakka dialect in Datang village, Longmu Town, Longchuan County which is located in eastern Guangdong Province, has seven tones, and the yangshang(阳上) tone category belongs to the colloquial strata of the quanzhuo shangsheng(全浊上声) and cizhuo shangsheng(次浊上声), or the medieval quanzhuo(全浊) (voiced stops and affricates) and cizhuo(次浊) (sonorant) initials in the shang(上) category. This dialect has retained an independent tone category yangshang with words with the quanzhuo shangsheng category, a distinctive feature of early Hakka dialects in which the shift of words in the yangshang tone category to other tone categories did not occur as predicted. This is rarely seen in all other Hakka dialects and very valuable in studies on phonological distinction and change of the Hakka dialects.