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On the Structures of Mutually Explanatory Characters Through Language Contact

Shang ZhenqianCollege of Political Science and Law for Shanxi Province Administrative Officers Xi ’ an Shanxi 710043  
This article collects and categorizes the mutually explanatory characters , i.e.zhua- nzhu (转注),which result from language contact.An all-round analysis and comparative study are carried out to reveal the substance of the structures of zhuanzhuand the process of zhuanzhuin Liu shu (六书).The article argues that the structures of zhuanzhuinvolve both single characters and phrases which are a special glossing process to explain foreign forms.These mainly result from lan- guage contact and function as a communication bridge between two languages.
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