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The Limited Quantitative Subjective Comment of the Potential Negation+Interrogative Pronoun Construction and Analysis of its Motivation

Wu Weishan;Gu Mingdi;International College of Chinese Studies,Shanghai Normal University;Zhejiang Economic and Trade Polytechnic;  
Drawing lessons from Construction Grammar Theory,this paper discusses the discourse function of the potential negation+interrogative pronoun construction,that is,the limited quantitative subjective comment.The potential negation refers to V 不 C,and the interrogative pronoun includes shenme(什么),nali(哪里),duoshao(多少)and duojiu(多久),which are often positioned after verbs and express empty-referential.The limited quantitative subjective comment is the generalization of conversational implication and it is also the mapping of semantic level's portion quantity on the pragmatic level.Three issues are mainly expounded in the paper:1)the constructional types of the limited quantitative subjective comment;2)the motivation exploration on the limited quantitative subjective comment;3)the metaphoric inheritance of the limited quantitative subjective comment.
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