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On the Lexicalization and Grammaticalization of the Model Particle bianshi(le)——with Reference to the Formation of the Model Particle Jiushi(le)

Liu Shun;Pan Wen;TCFL Department,Nanjing Audit College;School of Chinese Language and Culture,Nanjing Normal University;  
The prospective model particle bianshi(le)(便是了)was formed in the late Yuan dynasty and early Ming dynasty,resulting from pragmatic inference,absorbing contextual meanings,constant lexicalization and grammaticalization in the position of predicate.In the early and middle Ming dynasty,the prospective model particle bianshi(le)was replaced by the model particle jiushi(le)(就是了).The form,bianshi(le)was rarely used after the late Ming dynasty and is totally substituted by jiushi(le)in modern Chinese.
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