On the Learning of Pronunciation of Classical Chinese Worked by Russian Scholar C.A.Staroskin
Li Kai;Macau University of Science and Technology DGE;
Mr. Sta reconstructed an initial of a syllable of the middle ancient Chinese. 8 categories and38 elements. We can check it against 5 categories and 35 elements of the book Chinese Historical Treatise worked by Mr. Wang Li. The reconstruction of initial of a Chinese syllable during late period of remote ages had been penetrated from an original Min dialect. Mr. Sta reconstructed an initial system of an original common Chinese between Chinese of late period of remote ages and an original Min dialect,and it has in all 56 the initials. The initial reconstruction of the period of remote ages should take pictophonetic characters as basis. Yet some characteristics of glottal stop and 8 the initials of labial sound and of position of apical etc. had been received detail research,but consonant cluster had been cleared up. The reconstruction of the middle ancient Chinese's final of syllable made a contrastive list with Korean and Japanese and Vietnam language concerning four classes of syllables containing opening mouth and single handed rhyme of shutting mouth which have 58 rhyme ‘s categories,and these is all valuable. On the research basis of the medial of a final of remote ages and the contrast of long and short vewel,and of ending of a final and tone of Chinese characters,and of plosive ending of a final and sonorant,Mr.Sta divide the rhyme of remote ages into 57 parts. These is a phonemic system that took rhyme of remote ages and especially interface of rhyme between remote age and middle ancient as foundation,and so the categories are fine and closely woven. It is different from Huang Kan's and Wang Li's the parts. Mr. Sta made the Chinese phonetic history of remote ages come into microcosmic view,and unexpectedly divided the Chinese phonetic change of remote ages into 6 periods.