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《Linguistic Sciences》 2017-04
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On the Function,Intention,Attitude and Emotion of the Sentence-Final Particle “Lou”

Zhao Chunli;Fang Jiake;Chinese Language and Literature Department,Jinan University;  
The paper attempts to show the characteristics shown by the sentence-final particle "lou"(喽),including the functions to offer expected information,types of intention,attitudinal tendency,and emotional tendency.The analysis is based on the distribution of its syntactic functions in light of the semantic grammar by means of the semantic map.Firstly,we classify the phonemic causes of "lou" proposed by previous studies into four categories and argue that the status of "lou" as an independent phoneme results from its independent grammar meaning.Secondly,we discuss the acceptability of "lou" in declarative,interrogative,imperative and exclamative sentences.Thirdly,we present a semantic map of " lou ' and point out that the functions of "lou" is to offer expected information,which is verified with its relation to an object clause and complex clauses.Finally,the paper concludes that "lou" is characteristic of three types of intention,a relaxing attitude and three types of emotional tendencies.
【Fund】: 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(暨南远航计划15JNYH002);; 2013年度国家社科基金一般项目(13BYY117);; 2012年度教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(12YJA740114);; 2012年度国家社科基金一般项目(12BYY101);; 2013年度暨南大学研究生精品课程建设立项资助(51001071)的资助
【CateGory Index】: H146.3
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