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《Linguistic Sciences》 2017-04
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The Origin and Grammaticalization of the Durative Aspect Marker “Lie” in the Southern Min Dialects

Chen Manjun;College of Chinese Language and Literature,Jimei University;  
Previous researches have held that the durative aspect markers in the Southern Min dialects was derived from "zhe"(著) or from a preposition construction.Through careful investigation on relevant literature as well as current dialects in use,the article finds that there are two types of durative aspect markers in the Southern Min dialects.Type A occurring as "lie"(咧) select sentences that express non-objective existence and show subjective tendency.Type B occurring as "zailie"(在咧) and "lie" select sentences that express objective existence.Type A and Type B have originated from "chu"(处) and "zaichu"(在处) respectively which,in turn,had been derived respectively from the demonstrative pronoun "zhi/xu chu"(只/许处) and the prepositional construction " zai+zhi/xuchu"(在+只/许处).It is worth mentioning that the latter has come into being under the catalysis of the evolving chain[verb-object construction "zai+zhi/xuchu"→verb "zaichu"].In the initial period when the two types of durative aspect markers emerged,they were just a semi-functional word,and subsequendy they all developed into the durative aspect marker "lie".Moreover,"zaichu" has developed into the durative aspect marker "lie" following two different paths.The durative aspect marker "lie" has developed into a variety of different forms,most of which have become a modal particle.The article also discusses the origin of the durative aspect marker "lie" and its phonetic features at various stages of its grammaticaHzation in the Southern Min dialects of Fujian and Taiwan.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目(13BYY048);; 法国国家科研署研究项目(DIAMIN N~0 ANR-08-BLAN-0174);; 第48批教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金项目;; 福建省教育厅A类人文社科研究项目(JA12192S)资助
【CateGory Index】: H177.2
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