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《Linguistic Sciences》 2017-04
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Push Chain Shift and the Emergence of Aspirated Fricatives in Yanghao Hmu

Shi Defu;Liu Wen;Yang Zhenghui;Department of Minority Languages and Literatures,Minzu University of China;Department of Chinese Language and Literature,Peking University;  
Yanghao Hmu has a set of aspirated voiceless fricatives[s~h],[~h],[f~h],[x~b]and[l~h].by comparing the forms of cognate words between different Miao dialects and surveying the forms of Middle Chinese loanwords,this paper finds that they evolve respectively from the unaspirated fricatives[s],[],[f],[x]and[l].This is a rare converse evolution from the unmarked phonemes into the marked ones,which is motivated by the push chain shift of onsets occurring in the historical course of Hmu phonology.It is also the result of the reaction between the pronunciation economic principle and the principle of maintaining the minimal pair in the Hmu phonology.
【CateGory Index】: H216
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 Sift Defu;The Forms of Chinese Loanwords of Bang Group Third Class in Qiandong Dialect Miao Language[J];民族语文;2008-04
2 Wang Feng;The Original of Aspirated Fricatives in Bai Language.[J];民族语文;2006-02
3 Li Bingze;Chinese Loanwords Tian'gan and Dizhi(天干地支) in Southwestern Qian Dialect of Miao Language[J];民族语文;2003-04
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 Wang Shuangcheng;Institute of Linguistics,Shanghai Normal University;;The Origin of Tibetan Aspirated Fricatives[J];语言科学;2015-05
2 TAN Xiao-ping;College of Art and Communication,China Three Georges University;;The Origin of the Aspirated Fricativesin Miao Dialectsin Eastern Guizhou Province[J];中央民族大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2015-01
3 CAO Duan-bo;College of Humanities,Guzhou University;;The Time, Calendar and Social Networks in the Songs of Ancient Miao[J];毕节学院学报;2014-09
4 SHI De-fu(Department of Minority Languages and Literatures,Minzu University of China,Beijing 100081);Linguistic Evidence of Matriarchy of Ancient Miao Ethnic Group[J];中央民族大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2013-01
5 Shi Defu Department of Minority Languages and Literatures,Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081;An Etymological Study of WIFE and HUSBAND in Hmong-Mien Languages[J];语言科学;2011-03
6 Shi Defu;The Word "Mother" in the Hmong-Mien Languages:Origin and Development[J];民族语文;2010-04
7 Wu Anqi;The Sound of Bai Language and Its Genetic Relationship[J];民族语文;2009-04
8 DAI Qing-xia(College for Minority Language and Literature in China,CentralUniversity for Nationalities,Beijing 100081);On the Necessity of Minority Language in Studying Ancient Chinese[J];古汉语研究;2008-04
9 Sift Defu;The Forms of Chinese Loanwords of Bang Group Third Class in Qiandong Dialect Miao Language[J];民族语文;2008-04
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 Shi Defu;The Self-names of Miao-Yao Ethnic Groups and Their Evolution.[J];民族语文;2004-06
2 Shi Defu;Semantic Changes of Chinese Loanwords and Own Words in Miao Language[J];民族语文;2003-05
3 Li Bingze;Chinese Loanwords Tian'gan and Dizhi(天干地支) in Southwestern Qian Dialect of Miao Language[J];民族语文;2003-04
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