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《Quarterly Journal of Applied Meteorlolgy》 2002-S1
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CHARACTERISTICS OF AEROSOLS UNDER DUST AND SAND WEATHER IN BEIJING

Yang Dongzhen Yan Peng Xu Xiangde (Chineses Academy of Meteorological Siences, Beijing 100081)  
The characteristics of sand and dust weather in Beijing are studied. The distribution of sand and dust weather, the air pollution produced during the sand and dust weather period, the main causes of sand and dust weather, and the sources of sand and dust are investigated through analyzing synoptic climate data, satellite images, air mass trajectories and physical and chemical characteristics of air aerosols. The preliminary conclusions are that the sand and dust weather occurs more frequently in the spring months than other season in Beijing, which is one of the important causes of the air pollution in Beijing. The spring sand and dust weather in Beijing are mainly caused by sandstorms, suspended dust and blowing sand. The proportion resulting from blowing sand is measured up to 71.4%. The physical and chemical characteristics of the air aerosols in the sand and dust weather are obviously different from normal days. The physical and chemical characteristics of the air aerosols demonstrate that during the sand and dust weather the air aerosols mainly come from the local natural source. The role of anthropogenic emission relatively becomes less important.
【Fund】: 《国家重点基础研究发展规划》项目 :首都北京及周边地区大气、水、土环境污染机理与调控原理(项目编号 :G1 9990 4 5 70 0 )的资助
【CateGory Index】: X513
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