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《China Safety Science Journal》 2015-01
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Axioms of safety technology for work safety field

XU Ming;WU Zong-zhi;LUO Yun;School of Engineering & Technology,China University of Geosciences( Beijing);Key Laboratory on Deep Geo Drilling Technology,Ministry of Land and Resources,China University of Geosciences( Beijing);China Academy of Safety Science and Technology;Key Laboratory on Major Hazardous Installations Control and Emergency Technology,State Administration of Work Safety;  
In order to solve the problem that basic concepts and basic theories of safety science and technology are not unified,the connotations of basic concepts,such as hazards,hidden peril,risk and safety,were defined based on the axiomatic method,then 4 axioms were summarized for the field of work safety. It shows that the hazards are virtually carriers of high energy,dangerous materials or dangerous state,including devices,sites,processes,activities etc,that inherent risk of one hazard is fixed. The hidden perils are virtually lack or failure of safety measures controlling hazards within a production system,including technical measures and management measures,that hidden perils increase real risk,that real risk of mature technology is acceptable to us and screening and disposition of hidden perils are key work to ensure no-increase of real risk,and that classification strategies of management / regulation based on risk are effective ways to realize maximizing safety goals.
【Fund】: 国土资源部深部地质钻探技术重点实验室开放式基金资助(NLSD201208);; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAK16B03);; 国家安全生产监督管理总局“石油天然气管道重大事故机理研究”项目
【CateGory Index】: X913
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