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《Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs》 2006-02
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Influence of biotic and abiotic elicitors on production of tanshinones in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root culture

YAN Qiong~(1,2),HU Zong-ding~1,WU Jian-yong~(2)(1.College of Chemical Engineering,Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072,China;2.Department of Applied Biologyand Chemical Technology,the Hong Kong Polytechnic University,Hong Kong)  
Objective To compare influence of several biotic elicitors(yeast extract,(oligogalactu-)ronides,and fungal elicitor) and abiotic elicitors(Ag~+,Co~(2+),and α-amino isobutyric acid) on tanshinone production in the hairy root culture of Salvia miltiorrhiza.Methods The contents of three tanshinones were(analyzed) by high performance liquid chromatography.Results Biotic elicitors increased effectively the yield of tanshinones and there were difference among different elicitors' effects.The highest content of tanshinones was achieved by fungal elicitor at 100 μg/mL,which was(0.42 mg/g),4.7-fold of the control.The elicitation effects of abiotic elicitors were relatively lower than those of biotic elicitors,with Co~(2+) at 50 μmol/L giving the highest content of tanshinone(1.75 mg/g,4.1-fold of the control) among abiotic elicitors.Biotic and abiotic elicitors showed the selectivity of elicitation.All biotic elicitors notably increased the crypotanshinone content and all abiotic elicitors selectively enhanced the tanshinone I content.And in most cases,the elicitors added did not cause any obviously inhibitory effect on the hairy root growth. Conclusion Adding different biotic and abiotic elicitors may selectively promote tanshinone accumulation and not affect the hairy root growth in the hairy root cultures of S.miltiorrhiza.
【Fund】: 香港理工大学资助项目(G-YD28andASDfund)
【CateGory Index】: S567.53
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