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《Journal of Zhejiang University(Engineering Science)》 2014-07
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Review of hydrogen production from biomass by chemical conversion process

CHEN Guan-yi;KONG Wei;XU Ying;LI Wan-qing;MA Long-long;YAN Bei-bei;CHEN Hong;School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Tianjin University;Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Hydrogen from biomass is considered to be an important future hydrogen supplier.It usually contains chemical and biological conversion.Conventional thermo-chemical conversion covers gasification,pyrolysis and supercritical process,and catalytic reforming includes steam reforming,aqueous-phase reforming,auto-thermal reforming and photocatalytic reforming process using the liquid products derived from biomass depolymerization.These processes that mentioned above were overviewed and their operating conditions,reaction mechanism,catalysts,economic-technical advantages and disadvantages were compared.Gasification or pyrolytic conversion is approaching industrial scale,but hydrogen selectivity and yield are far from satisfactory.Catalytic reforming process of the biomass-derived liquid product may be applicable to scale-up with high hydrogen selectivity and yield,but technological process is still under development.The future developing direction of biomass to hydrogen development was pointed out.
【Fund】: 国家“973”重点基础研究发展规划资助项目(2012CB215303);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51036006);国家自然科学基金青年基金资助项目(51106108)
【CateGory Index】: TQ116.2
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