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On the Earliest and the Best Edition of the Summary of the Land and People of the Western Regions

Li Zhiqin  
The author thinks that the Summary of the Land and People of the Western Regions is one of the few historical books recording the history and geography of Western Regions in the Ming Dynasty. It reflected the connection and mutual influence between the Western Regions and Inner Plains at that time. The two popular editions, with different styles, have many errors and differences which have long puzzled scholars. Now, the paper corrects these errors according to the original from General Chorography of Shan'xi Province in the reign of Jiajin. It is argued that the author of the book was neither a Han, nor a Muslim. The book was probably written in the 10th year of reign of Xuande (1435) or even after the 10th year of the reign of Chenghua(1474).
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