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From Archival Materials to See the Taxation on Coal Mining in Tumd

Bao Yinshan;  
Tumd as a Neishu Qi( 内属旗) in the Qing Dynasty,its finance had maintained self-supported till the end of ROC. Tumd's main financial income depended on its all kinds of resources. Among them,taxation on coal mining was Tumd's biggest item of revenue. Meanwhile,the taxation on coal mining had always been the target of control and grasp by rulers. During the period of ROC,the Suiyuan authorities grabbed Tumd coal mines many times. Based on historical archives collected in Tumd Left Banner Archive,the author discusses the taxation on coal mining in Tumd.
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