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《Chinese Medical Record》 2012-05
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Analysis on Disease Spectrum in EICU Ward

Qu Li,Gu Changwei,Huang Wan,Emergency Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710004,Shanxi Province,China  
Objective This paper identified the disease distribution of EICU patients,provided support for strengthening emergency medical level and subject construction.Methods We collected the information of the patients from January 2009 to December 2011 in emergency ICU.The information contained disease categories,gender,age,and admission time and disease outcome.Then we summarized and analyzed the information.Results The cases in these three years that the average age was 65 ±11.6,which ages larger than 61 ages are accounting for 50%.There are 490 cases of male(accounting for 59.90%) and 328 cases of female(accounting for 40.10%).The percentage of respiratory system,circulation system and the nervous system were respectively 27.63%,20.91%,19.93%.Patients of death accounted 28.11%,including the respiratory diseases(accounting for 30.05% of the deaths),nervous system(accounting for 25.62%) and circulatory system(accounting for 13.30% of the deaths).Conclusions Emergency and critical patients can rapidly get comprehensive monitor and treatment by EICU.Respiratory disease,nervous system disease and circulation system disease are minority that should be valued by emergency medical staffs.The elderly patients should pay attention to disease prevention.The treatment level of primary hospital should be improved,avoiding delaying aid time during transfer.
【Fund】: 西安交通大学医学院第二附属医院院科研基金护理项目[YJ(HL)200911]
【CateGory Index】: R459.7
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