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《Chinese Medical Record》 2018-06
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Statistical Analysis of 4549 cases of Low Weight Neonatal Diseases in a Children's Hospital

Zhang Wenjun;Yu Xiaoyu;Zhu Daqiao;Yong Lijiang;Song Rong;Yin Lijuan;Medical Records Management Department,Children's Hospital Affiliated to Kunming Medical University;  
Objective A retrospective analysis was made on the common frequent morbidity and severe death of low-weight newborns discharged from a children's hospital,which provided a reference for the establishment of clinical treatment plan and monitoring measures.Methods The data of low birth weight,admission age and main diagnosis,hospitalization days and fatality rate of newborns in the first page of medical records from 2013 to 2017 were analyzed by using the statistical system of medical records and ICD-10(International Classification of Diseases).Results A total of 4549 cases of low weight newborns were admitted in 5 years,accounting for 13.3% of the total discharged neonates.The mortality rate was 0.84%.The average hospitalization was 10.8 days,the number of low weight early newborns accounted for 61.9%,and the death rate of one week in hospital accounted for 76.3%.Among the 20 leading diseases of low birth weight infants,the main causes of death were neonatal respiratory distress syndrome,neonatal hyaline membrane disease,neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis,neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage,neonatal respiratory distress syndrome,neonatal hyaline membrane disease,neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis,neonatal pulmonary hemorrhage.Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and congenital esophageal atresia and other diseases.Conclusion According to the morbidity characteristics of low weight newborns and the first 20 common diseases and death diseases,this paper provides a reference for developing clinical skills training and improving the diagnosis and treatment program and monitoring measures for the medical and nursing staff in pediatrics.
【CateGory Index】: R197.5
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