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《中国地理杂志(英文版)》 1994-Z1
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A CLIMATOLOGICAL STUDY ON SOLAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION

Zhou Yunhua; Xiang Yueqin(Institute of Geography, CAS, Beijing 100101Prople's Republic of China)  
According to 2698 sets of observation data on solar direct radiation in sub-divisions of wave band at 10 spots of seven regions in China, the empirical formula and nomograph for estimating ultraviolet irradiance at wavelength λ 400nm were obtained. Furthermore, a climatological method for estimating diffuse ultraviolet irradiance under various sky conditions was also developed based on radiation transmission equations. Using monthly mean daa at fixed time from eight stations, monthly mean daily totals of direct, diffuse and global ultraviolet radiations, as well as their fractions in the whole wave band were estimated respectively. Results show that the fraction of global ultraviolet radiation in the whole wave band is rather conservative, 5.5±0.4 Percent under clear sky condition, and 5.3±0.4 Percent under mean sky condition.
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