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《Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine》 2009-08
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Effects of panaxadiol saponins and lycopene on abilities of learning and memory of senile mice with atlanto-axial joint instability

FAN Wenjing,ZHU Tongtong,GUO Yaxiong,et al. Department of Pathophysiology,School of Basic Medicine Sciences,Jilin University,Changchun,130021  
Objective:To compare the effects of panaxadiol saponins (PDS) with lycopene on the abilities of learning and memory in senile mice with learning and memory disorder by atlanto -axial joint instability. Method:The atlanto-axial joint instability model was established by injection with 30% lactic acid around the atlanto and axial vertebrae,30μl once weekly,three times totally. The changes of abilities of learning and memory in mice were observed with water-maze test. The activities of acetylcholine esterase (AchE) and the content of acetylcholine (Ach) in brain tissue were tested. Immunohistochemical staining with β -amyloid protein in mice hippocampus was demonstrated. Result:The model mice had longer swimming time and more errors (P 0.05) in water maze test compared with control group. PDS mice had significant short latency period and less errors in water-maze test (P 0.01),but the difference between PDS and lycopene groups was not obvious. Compared with model group,the activities of AchE reduced(P0.01),and the content of Ach increased in PDS and lycopene groups(P0.01). And in the two therapy groups,expressions of β-amyloid protein in mice hippocampus were less than that in model group. Conclusion:This study indicate that PDS and lycopene can improve the learning and memory abilities of mice and the metabolism of senile mice brain,which may be the mechanism of its protective effect to cerebral damage.
【CateGory Index】: R285
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