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AS REGARDS THE BEGINNING OF MODERN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN TIANJIN

Qiu Huating Li Duo  
The modern science and technology of Tianjin had their beginning in 1860 when the city became the largest commercial port in north China. During their initial stage(from 1860 to the outbreak,of World War I),it was the technology of military industry which took shape first and was la- ter followed by progress in the technologies of civil industries,communi- cations,and post and telecommunications.Tianjin's modern science and tech- nology had been from the outset markedly semi-feudal and semi-colonial in nature,so although they had played a leading role in China in many respects in the early stage,their subsequent development was nevertheless hampered by the prolonged failure of paying due attention to the research of basic sciences.
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