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Growth and Decline of Japanese and Russian Economic Influence in Northeast China (1906 — 1931)—From the View of Changing on Ports Trade, Railways Transmitting and Economic Influence Sphere

Yao Yongchao(Research Center for Historical Geography, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433 )  
The result of Japanese-Russian war, divided Northeast China into two parts (South Manchuria and North Manchuria). But it was a temporary concession for their political and military balance. With Dalian(大连)and Andong (安东)ports trade developing and branch lines of the South Manchuria railway extending, Japanese economic influence had infiltrated to the north from 1906 to 1931; Because of the instability of Vladivostock(海参崴) port trade and the Chinese Eastern railway’s transmitting, the Russian economic influence sphere in north was greatly shrunk this time. By ports and railways’ network completed, Japanese had established economic supremacy after 1931.
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