On the True Meaning of the Fenye
Li Zhijun (Center for Historical Geography Studies of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433)
Fenye, an organic component of “heaven, earth and people” believing order system in Chinese traditional mentality, is by nature to establish a corresponding relation between the heaven order and the earth’s. While the heaven embraces celestial bodies, constellations, meteorology and time, the earth can be large regions, countries, states, counties, mountains, rivers, etc. The most known corresponding relation is between celestial bodies and countries, all kinds of administrative regionalization as states or counties. Through an observation on the relationship between Fenye and administrative regionalization, we find that the thought of Fenye has evolved into a symbol of ancient believing order mentality since the Western Han Dynasty when it became apart from administrative regions gradually, though on which its evolution had been based. Therefore, we conclude the construction of believing order system is the truth of Fenye, while various ambiguous forms is its falseness.