Survey of Forest History Studies: Focusing on the Studies of Deforestation in Philippines
Bao Maohong(History Department, Peking University, Beijing, 100871)
This paper introduces the development of forest history studies and some historical explanations of deforestation in the Philippines. The priority in forest history studies was shifted from forest history in the temperate zone to forest history in tropical zone. The analytic frameworks of deforestation in the Philippines include: theory of pressure of population growth, the driving theory of timber production and trade, theory of encouragement of forestry policies, theory of devastating impact of political corruption. The new trend of forest history studies is to go beyond the explanation by single factor and to change to the synthetical analysis. Forest history studies of a country should be done in the perspective of global forest history, and thematic forest history studies done in the perspective of environmental history as a whole.