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Distribution and Locational Selection of City Academy of Learning in Loess Plateau Area during the Qing Dynasty

Liu Jingchun (Center for Historical Environment and Socio-Economic Development in Northwest China of Shaanxi Normal University, X i’an, 710062 )  
City academy of learning developed very quickly and widely in our country during the Qing dynasty, but its developing process was different in different areas. It was demonstrated different characteristic of different city academy of learning, by investigation on different cities in this paper. Practice of the cities setting up the academy of learning in the wake of Province city was mainly in Qianlong dynasty, and distribution of academy of learning of county areas was spread from southeast to northwest. It appeared high peak during Qianlong period, and the developing center transferred to west of Yellow river. The distribution features of academy of learning was very obvious, that is to say, location selection of academy of learning focused on inside of main cities, and showed that location selection linked to east and southeast areas.
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