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Special Background of How the Expression “Eco-environment” Coming into Being

Hou Yongjian (Center for Historical Environment and Socio-Economic Development in Northwest China, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, 710062)  
In accordance with Geographer Huang Bingwei’s retrospect, this paper analysed the process of the word “eco-environment” changed from “ecological balance” was writing into The Constitution of Chian from the draft, during the 5th People’s Congress of China of 1980-1982. The background of the concept eco-environment coming into being is the current of times for the whole world and China chasing the development of environment protection. It lays special emphasis on ecological quality which people survive themselves, has effective function and educational sense to the public. Comparatively speaking, the real world is more excellent than theories in the experts’ mind, so it’s not just proper to seek fault from the scientific principle. Although the discussion of the concepts “eco-environment ”and “eco-environment building ” in academic world in May 2005 contributed a lot understandings, the fact that it was proposed in the Standing Committee of the People’s Congress indicates it falls into official items, not into strictly technological ones, which are always employed in states administration. While respecting the comprehensions of scholars, the academic world should works more on how to amplify official items and to eliminate the negative influence on the society caused by such words.
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