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"The First Fu in the Lingnan Area" ——A Textual Research on the Fact that the Duanzhou had been Upgraded to Zhaoqing Fu in the Northern Song Dynasty

Lu Yanzhao(Center for Historical Geography,Jinan University,Guangzhou,510632)  
Duanzhou(端州) had been upgraded to Zhaoqing Fu(肇庆府) in the year 1118 A.D.in the Northern Song Dynasty,and the history course was very intricated.However,there are still much dispute over the question of the course all through the ages.Firstly,the author wants to further research the concrete time and process of the course in this paper,which is based on the other researches.Secondly,the new historical documentaries show that the Duanzhou once had been upgraded to Xingqing Jun and Xingqing Fu(兴庆府) before upgraded to Zhaoqing Fu.Thirdly,"the first Fu in the Lingnan area(the south of the Five Ridges /southern Nanling Mountains) "is Xingqing Fu not Zhaoqing Fu.Finally,accoring to the analyse of the system of "potential seigniory upgraded to Fu",the regional social economy and the change of political military status in the Song Dynasty,the author will explain why the DuanZhou had been upgraded to Zhaoqing Fu.
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