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《Plant Fiber Sciences in China》 2018-06
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Summary of 3 Ukrainian Industrial Hemp Varieties Introduction Test in Daqing Area of Heilongjiang Province

PAN Dongmei;SUN Yufeng;HAN Chengwei;ZHAO Yue;HAN Xicai;JIANG Ying;CAO Kun;WANG Xiaonan;HE Daxin;LI Zhenwei;Daqing Branch of Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences;  
Ukraine industrial hemp varieties Zolotonis' ki 15,Hliana and Hlesiya were studied by comparison of the local main cultivated variety Fire No. 1 to investigate some traits such as adaptability,resistance,high yielding and quality. The Results showed that total fiber yield of Zolotonis' ki 15,Hliana,Fire No. 1 and Hlesiya in test planting area were 3371 kg/hm~2,2930 kg/hm~2,2614 kg/hm~2 and2188 kg/hm~2 respectively. The total fiber yield of Zolotonis' ki 15 and Hliana were significantly higher than that of Fire No. 1 and Hlesiya through statistical analysis. Total fiber content of Zolotonis' ki 15(34. 4%),Hliana(31. 4%)and Hlesiya(29. 9%)were much higher than Fire No. 1(22. 9%). Individual fruit ear length of Hlesiya was 42 cm and spikelet number was 34 which were higher than other three varieties. Fiber quality of Fire No. 1 and Zolotonis' ki 15 were relatively good and their bundle fracture specific strength were 1. 2 cN/dtex and 0. 9 cN/dtex respectively,and splitting degree were 89 Nm and 84 Nm respectively. Fiber quality of Hliana and Hlesiya performed general and their bundle fracture specific strength were 1. 6 cN/dtex and 0. 96 cN/dtex respectively and splitting degree were 59 Nm and 39 Nm respectively. The growth period,growth situation,yield,quality and resistance characteristics indexes of every variety were analyzed comprehensively. Zolotonis' ki 15 performs well and can be applied as a high-fiber industrial hemp variety in Heilongjiang province. Hliana can be utilized as an excellent genetic resource for breeding high-fiber industrial hemp varieties. Hlesiya can be used as an excellent genetic resource for selecting dual purposes hemp cultivars.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省院所基本应用技术科研专项(ZNJZ2017DQ01);; 院长基金(YZ2017DQ01)
【CateGory Index】: S563.3
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