Advance of Ultrasound in Cardiovascular Medicine
ZHANG Yun (Cardiovascular Research Center of Shandong University, Jinan 250012)
Ultrasound in cardiovascular medicine is a new discipline of science which applies ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Recent progress in diagnostic ultrasound in cardiology includes dynamic and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography, intravascular ultrasound, vascular elastography, myocardial contrast echocardiography, Doppler tissue imaging, strain imaging, stress echocardiography and hand-carried ultrasound. Recent progress in therapeutic ultrasound in cardiology includes intraoperative echocardiography, ultrasound-guided catheter intervention, ultrasound thrombolysis and ablation as well as gene and drug therapy carried by microbubbles. Future research directions in echocardiography are also discussed in this review.