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GENERAL THEORIES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Yang Kaizhong (Department of Geography, Peking University)  
This paper is designed to discuss the origin, concept, objects and strategic factors of sustainable development. The author states that the rise of sustainable development(SD) shows that Man-Environment relationaship enters a new period. SD is defined as a pattern of development that meets the needs of the present generation and partial population without jeopardizing the ability of future generations and global populaton to meet their own needs, and includes general theories of SD and global, regional and systematic (sectoral) sustainability. The author dis-cribes the three objects and criteria of SD, and advances and expounds the basic strategic factors, including eco-modernization of economic structure and economic mechanism, implementation of preventive environmental policies and population control, and poverty alleviation. It is suggested that the developed and developing countries adopt "strong sustainability" and "weak sustainability" respectively. sustainable development; global sustainability; regional sustainability; sectoral sustainability; strategic factor
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