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《China Population, Resources and Environment》 2004-01
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WATER SECURITY IN NORTHWEST CHINA:PROBLEMS AND COUNTERMEASURES

MIN Qing-wen (Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101,China)  
At present, the world is facing the water crisis which has attracted the attention from governors, scientists and the public. Northwest China, located in arid and semi-arid regions, has been suffering from the shortage of water resources. In this paper, the current status of water security in Northwest China was analyzed from the angles of quantity, distribution, disasters, accessibility, fragility of ecosystem. Then, some pairs of conflicts influencing the regional water security were diagnosed,including conflicts between quantitative deficit and extravagant use, between productive water use and ecological water use, between uses in upper reaches and in middle and lower reaches. At last, some countermeasures to guarantee water security in Northwest China were proposed which are:①to arouse the awareness of water security so as to strengthen the water saving idea; ②to introduce the ecosystem management approach and intensify the integrated management and rational use of water resources; and ③to ensure ecosystem water use and pay much attention to water resources carrying capacity during the process of eco-environmental construction.
【Fund】: 国家“973”项目 (2 0 0 2CB1115 0 6);; 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程项目 (CXIOG -B0 0 -0 2 -0 5 )研究成果YINNORTH
【CateGory Index】: TV211
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