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Climate Change Migration:Extreme Climate Events and Adaptation Survey on Rural Migration in Southwest China in the 2010 Severe Drought

YU Qing-nian1,2 SHI Guo-qing1 CHEN Shao-jun1(1.National Research Center for Resettlement,Hohai University,Nanjing Jiangsu 210098,China; 2.Instifule of Land Resource Management,Hohai University,Nanjing Jiansu 210098,China)  
Academic debates exist over the direct causation between climate change and migration and the importance of climate change imposed on migration.The 2010 severe drought that occurred in the southwest region of China provided the research background for studying the complex relationship between extreme climate events and climate change migration.Did the local rural residents take migration as an adaption way to respond to this extreme climate event and how? Based on the survey of rural migration in the five villages in the seriously drought-affected Xundian County of Kunming Municipality,Yunnan Province this article described the rural migration activity and its characteristics.The survey showed that the severe drought did not cause large-scale rural migration as anticipated.Whether temporarily or perman ently referring to the conceptual model of migration in response to climate change,this article looked at the role of public and private adaption to migration.Reviewing and evaluating the adaption activities of local governments,village collectives,and rural households,this article found the reasons for no anticipated large-scale migration.Beside the help from the public level,farmer households individually conducted various adaption ways.The integrated role relieved the pressure of the severe drought on the livelihood of farmer households and thus migration did not become a compulsory choice.
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