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The Development of Migrants' Capability and Urban Integration

SHI Zhi-lei(Research Institute of Population and Region,Zhongnan University of Econornics and Law,Wuhan Hubei 430073,China)  
The migration pattern of Chinese rural-urban migrants is significantly different from that of other countries where the migrants become new urban citizen.The majority of Chinese rural-urban migrants are in short term migration process called 'circular migrants',which causes the level of urbanization in our country lagging behind that of industrialization.The trend of semi-urbanization tends to become everlasting and permanent.This is a big challenge to the social development and the transformation of the social structure in China.This paper constructs thc capability development model of the migrants.Firstly,the three-stage theory of urbanization and the capability poverty of migrant are introduced.Based on the foregoing theoretical and empirical analysis,it finally constructs the capability re-creation model of migrant.Based on the reference to relative studies both at home and abroad and a great deal of survey data,this paper constructs a multi-dimensional model of personal capability re-creation.This model has six parts,including four compositions of personal development capability and two factors which reflect the development of capability.And then,it also analyzes the process and mechanism of capability re-creation,especially analyzing the role of family,endowments in the process of capability re-creation.The reasons for capability poverty,is due to personal factors as well as the current system and policy environment for migration marginalized,and as a result;the those people lost the resources and rights.In essence,the development of capability is the increasing of individual rights and opportunities.In addition to human capital investment,migration capability re-creation from the protection of the rights and social resources need to give enough attention.Overall,the social support and personal attitude are very important for recreating personal development capability.The policy implication of the findings suggests that the capability reconstruction of migrants is extremely important for social sustainable development of affected areas.
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