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《China Population,Resources and Environment》 2013-01
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A Study on City Efficiency Based on the Resources View: A Case of 16 Cities of Yangtze River Delta

TAO Xiao-ma TAN Jing CHEN Xu(School of Economics and Management,Tongji University,Shanghai 201804,China)  
This study builds two kinds of city efficiency measurement models,one takes capital and labor as input factors(2-factors model),another adds land,energy and water to input factors(5-facors model).Based on the statistical data of Yangtze River Delta from 1999 to 2010,we use the data envelopment analysis method and Malmquist index to compare the city efficiencies,input factors utilization efficiency and the total-factors productivity(TFP) of 16 cities in Yangtze River Delta.The results of comparison indicate it's important to consider the nature resources as input factors when we evaluate city efficiency.The results of this study reveal some facts as follows.① According to 5-factors model,the scale efficiency is the main contribution to both of the static efficiencies and TFP,but these contributions slumped into stasis from 2003.In order to further improve city efficiencies,it's necessary to change the growth mode from scale expansion to structure adjustment and technology progress.② In 5-factors evaluation model,the three kinds of city static efficiencies are more intensive in above 80% evaluation extents.This conclusion indicates the evaluations of 5-factoes model is much more objective to reflect the current economic development situation of Yangtze River Delta than 2-factors model,while it provides an important reference and basis for the reasonable distribution of Yangtze River Delta's productivity.③ It reveals there are wastes in the use of 5 input factors,and the waste of energy is of most significant.④ The TFPs and contribution parts vary from city to city with the various basic conditions such as city scale,industry structure,and technology ability.Local governments should pay more attention to these problems.
【CateGory Index】: F224;F299.27;F205
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