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Basic Criterion for Establishing China Soil and Water Conservation Ecological Compensation Mechanism

BI Hua-xing,LIN Liang-liang,GUO Chao-ying(Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China)  
Whether the criterion of soil and water conservation ecological compensation prepared reasonable is the key for smooth implementation of ecological compensation of soil and water conservation.The establishment of the criterion should be based on the principles of propriety in technology,feasible in economy and can be accepted by the society and the ecosystem of taking the damaged or degenerated water and land resources as the main can obtain health again and be beneficial to human's living and development.Considering the theoretical study of the ecological compensation of soil and water conservation is still in the stage of exploration,it deems that the establishment of the compensation mechanism in China must follow the criterions of ethical domain of "equity",spatial domain of "classifying,zoning and taking measures suited to local conditions",temporal domain of "no new bills due and settling more old accounts",management domain of "organic combination with government compensation and market compensation" and practical domain of "making experiments first and popularization later" by using the reference of basic criterion of ecological compensation and according to the concrete practice of soil and water conservation in China.
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