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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 1999-01
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Protective Effect of Choline Chloride on Rice under Chilling Stress at Seedling Stage

LIANG Yuzhou; HE Ruotian(Research Center of Biotechnology, Guangxi University , Nanning 5300051 ;Present address: Agriculture Bureau of Chongzuo County, Guangxi, Chongzuo 532200)  
Rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. W251) was sprayed with 0, 50, 100, 300, 500, 700, 1000 mg/L of choline chlorideduring seedling stage. One week after spraying, seedlings were treated with low temperature (3--4℃ ) for 48 hours. In coulparison with the control, the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase, and the content of chlorophyll in riceseedling treated with choline chloride were all increased in varying degrees, the level of malondialdehyde in rice seedling andthe leakage of electrolytes from rice seedling treated with choline chloride were decreased. The content of bound water was increased, while the content of free water was decreased for rice seedling treated with choline chloride, as a result the level ofsoluble sugar, proline and soluble protein were increased. The above results indicated that the choline chloride had protectiveeffect on the membrane lipids and increased the level of protective substance for cold--tolerance in rice seedling under chillingstress. The best protective effect was achieved with 300 mg/L of choline chloride treatment.
【Fund】: 广西自然科学基金!9518008
【CateGory Index】: S511.01
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