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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 1999-01
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Effect of Elevated CO_2 Concentration on Lipid Peroxidation and Activities of Antioxidative Enzymes in Rice Leaves

PENG Changlian; LIN Zhifang; LIN Guizhu (South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650)  
Four rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L. ) and two wild rice species (O. officinalis, O. spontanea) were grown under two big tents in the field and exposed to natural sunlight. The CO2 concentrations in these tents were kept at 350 uL/L(ambient) and 600 uL/L(elevated), respectively, which was monitored by an infrared CO2 analyzer and controlled by a computer. Under natural conditions, the activities of antioxidative enzymes (SOD, CAT, POD) in leaves of six rices differedwith their origin. In comparison to ambient CO2 control plants in the tents, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and PODactivity in rice leaves growing in the tent with elevated CO2 concentration decreased to different extents, but the activities ofSOD and CAT showed intraspecific variations. When leaf segments were submitted to methyl viologen photooxidation undera light intensity of 20 umol/m2·s, the activities of antioxidative enzymes showed significant changes. CAT activity was enhanced by 1. 7~ 6. 5 folds (at ambient CO2) and 1. 0-3. 8 folds (at elevated CO2 ) of untreated control. On the contrary, SODand POD activities were all reduced in leaves of three tested rices growing either at 350 uL/L or at 600 uL/L CO2. Photooxidation resulted in an increase of MDA content, but the MDA increment was inhibited by elevated CO2 concentration. The results indicated that activities of the three antioxidative enzymes in rice leaves were regulated by CO2 concentration and photooxidative condition. Elevated CO2 concentration showed a protective effect against the peroxidative damage of lipids inducedby methyl viologen photooxidation.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!39570071;;广东省自然科学基金!970653;;ACIAR资助!PN9608
【CateGory Index】: S511.01
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