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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 2013-01
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Analysis of Genetic Diversity within Populations of Rice Landraces from Yunnan Using Microsatellite Markers

SUN Jian-chang1,2,YU Teng-qiong3,TANG Cui-feng3,CAO Gui-lan1,XU Fu-rong3,HAN Long-zhi1, (1Institute of Crop Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Crop Germplasm Resources and Utilization,Ministry of Agriculture/National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement,Beijing 100081,China;2Institution of Crop Research,Ningxia Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Yongning 750105,China;3Institute of Biotechnology and Germplasm Resources,Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Kunming 650205,China)  
Genetic diversity within populations of 16 rice landraces and 2 improved cultivars from Yunnan Province were analyzed using 20 SSR markers.The results showed that the SSR marker polymorphism within populations for 87.5% of rice landraces was higher than that of the improved cultivars,while the polymorphism within populations for 12.5% of landraces was similar with that of the improved cultivars.For 81.2% of rice landraces,the number of alleles(Na) and Nei's genetic diversity index(He),were higher than those of the improved cultivars,and for 18.8% of landraces,the figures were same as or slightly smaller than those of the improved cultivars.The He within populations of rice landraces significantly differed,ranging from 0.0146 to 0.5117,while Huangbansuo-1(Huangbansuo collected in 1980),Huangbansuo-2(Huangbansuo collected in 2007),Maxiangu-1(Maxiangu collected in 1980) and Maxiangu-2(Maxiangu collected in 2007) were the highest with figures of 0.2327,0.4214,0.5117 and 0.4489,respectively.Heterozygosity within rice varieties for 87.5% of rice landraces was significantly higher than that of the improved cultivars.AMOVA showed that 1/4 genetic difference among rice landraces were from within populations of rice landraces(P0.001).The polymorphism,Ne,He and percentage of variation within populations of rice landraces at RM333,RM257 and RM180 were higher than others.It was speculated that RM333,RM257 and RM180 were suitable for testing genetic diversity within rice landraces of Yunnan Province.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2006BAD13B01);; 农业部作物种质资源保护项目(NB2010-2130135-25-01)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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