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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 2013-01
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Effect of Ecological Environments on Plant Type Traits and Yield Traits in F_2 of Cross Between indica and japonica

JIN Feng1,XU Hai1,JIANG Yi-jun2,ZHAO Ming-zhu1,ZHOU Ping1,YANG Li3,LI Mao-bai4,XU Zheng-jin1,,CHEN Wen-fu1,ZHENG Jia-kui3(1College of Agronomy,Shenyang Agricultural University,Shenyang 110161,China;2 Rice Research Institute,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,China;3Rice Research Institute,Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Deyang 618000,China;4Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Shanghai 201103,China)  
The effects of ecological environments on plant type traits and its relationship with yield traits were studied with two F2 populations,one derived from the cross between Wanlun 422(indica) and Shennong 265(japonica) named as F2-A,the other derived from the cross between Luhui 99(indica) and Shennong 265(japonica) named as F2-B,in Liaoning and Sichuan.The result showed that the ecological conditions had a significant effect on plant type traits and yield traits.From Sichuan to Liaoning,the plant height and panicle curvature increased significantly,the panicle length,flag leaf length,flag leaf width and leaf angle decreased.Number of panicles,1000-grain weight,seed setting rate and yield in Liaoning were significantly higher than those in Sichuan;Grain number per panicle in Sichuan was significantly more than that in Liaoning.In the four plant type patterns,the number of panicles,1000-grains weight,seed setting rate and yield showed a trend as follows: Cw type(long flag leaf,curved panicle) Cz type(long flag leaf,erect panicle) Dw type(short flag leaf,curved panicle) Dz type(short flag leaf,erect panicle).Cz and Cw type rice showed higher numbers of panicles and grains per panicle for Dz type,the figures were the smallest among the four types.For all the four types,the flag leaf length was not significantly correlated with all of the yield traits,while the flag leaf width was significantly correlated with number of panicles.In Liaoning,the seed setting rate showed a significantly negative correlation with flag leaf width.The panicle curvature showed a significantly positive correlation with the seed setting rate and yield traits in Sichuan Province,but it was not significantly correlated with most of yield traits in Liaoning Province.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(30871468);; 教育部博士点基金资助项目(20092103110002)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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