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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 2019-01
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Effects of Different Temperature from Full Heading to Milking on Grain Filling Stage on Grain Hormones concentrations, Activities of Enzymes Involved in Starch Synthesis and Accumulation in Rice Nanjing 9108

CHENG Chen;ZENG Yongjun;CHENG Huihuang;TAN Xueming;SHANG Qingyin;ZENG Yanhua;SHI Qinghua;Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Ministry of Education P.R.China/Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding/Southern Regional Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain and Oil Crops in China/Collaborative Innovation Center for the Modernization Production of Double Cropping Rice, Jiangxi Agricultural University;  
【Objective】Our aim is to reveal the mechanism of the influence of different temperatures on grain-filling, starch and its components contents of late japonica rice during early-middle grain filling stage. 【Methods】With a representative japonica rice cultivar with high quality of Nanjing 9108 as material, high temperature(HT, average daily temperature of 31℃), medium temperature(MT, average daily temperature of 26℃) and low temperature(LT, average daily temperature of 21℃) were set during grain filling in plant incubators at natural temperature as control check(CK). The effects of high and low temperature on grain-filling, hormone contents, and activities of enzymes involved in starch synthesis and accumulation of late japonica rice were studied during early-middle grain filling stage. 【Result】With rising temperature(21℃~31℃), the seed setting rate and 1000-grain weight of late japonica rice were on the downward slide. The accumulation of total starch in grain was accelerated with shortened duration and decreased total contents. The amylose content and its proportion followed a decreasing trend during the whole grain filling period. The abscisic acid(ABA) content in grain was significantly increased during the early and middle grain-filling stage. The gibberellin(GA3) content decreased, and the zeatin riboside(ZR) content firstly increased and then dropped. The content of grain indole-3-acetic acid(IAA) was increased in MT plots during the grain filling stage. The IAA content in grains was reduced in HT and LT plots. The IAA content in the LT plots was decreased firstly and then increased, while in the HT plots, the content was consistently at lower level. The activity of soluble starch synthase(SSS) in grains was equal to that of ZR, which also showed ‘a increasing-decreasing trajectory', but the SSS and the ZR activities were not synchronized in filling stage. The activity of grain starch branching enzyme(SBE) increased and the activity of grain starch decarboxylase(DBE) decreased.【Conclusion】The changes of grain endogenous hormones and activities of enzymes involved in grain starch synthesis of late japonica rice were significantly influenced by different temperature, as well as the accumulation of starch and its components, grain filling in late japonica rice.
【Fund】: 国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0300501 2017YFD0301605);; 江西省水稻产业技术体系专项(JXARS-02-03);; 江西省重点研发计划(20161ACF60013 20171BBF60030);; 江西现代农业科研协同创新专项(JXXTCX2015001-011)资助
【CateGory Index】: S511.22
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