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《Chinese Journal of Rice Science》 2019-01
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Resistance to Heterodera elachista and Evaluation Methods of Major Rice Varieties from Hunan Province, China

YUAN Tao;YE Shan;ZHOU Jianyu;PENG Deliang;HUANG Wenkun;DING Zhong;Southern Regional Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain and Oil Crops in China, College of Plant Protection, Hunan Agricultural University;State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
【Objective】Heterodera elachista is a new pathogenic nematode of rice. In order to screen the resistant rice cultivars to H. elachista, 【Method】 51 rice varieties from Hunan Province were evaluated by the second-stage juvenile inoculation test in greenhouse and field with average number of cysts per plant, relative resistance index(RRI) and Pf/Pi ratio as indicators. 【Result】No rice cultivar was immune or highly resistant to H. elachista. Among the 24 middle-season rice cultivars, only Guangliangyou 2010 showed resistance to H. elachista based on average number of cysts per plant, and Guangliangyou 2010, Zhunliangyou 527 and Guangliangyou 1128 showed resistance to H. elachista based on RRI evaluation in greenhouse. Among the 27 late rice varieties, Shengtaiyou 9712, Zhunliangyou 608, Nongxiangyou 204, Yueyou 9264, Yueyou 3700, Zhongzheyou 1, Yueyou 27, Xiangwannuo 1, Heyou 50 and Y Liangyou 9918, were resistant to H. elachista based on average number of cyst per plant. However, Xiangwannuo 1, Heyou 50 and Y liangyou 9918 were moderately susceptible based on RRI evaluation. Using Pf/Pi ratio as the evaluation index, nine late resistant varieties screened from greenhouse based on RRI evaluation were basically consistent with field resistance. 【Conclusion】RRI is an efficient index for evaluating the resistance of rice cultivars to rice cyst nematode.
【Fund】: 公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费资助项目(200903040 201503114)
【CateGory Index】: S435.11
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
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