Occupational hazards of n-hexane at the workplace of enterprises in a street of Shenzhen city from 2012 to 2014
NI Xiu-xian;CHEN A-jing;XIE Qian-huai;TANG Fei;Department of Occupational Health ,Fuyong Prevention and Health Care station of Baoan district in Shenzhen City;
Objective To investigate the information about the n-hexane at the workplace of enterprises in a street of Shenzhen city,provide scientific basis for the prevention of occupational hazards. Methods Data was collected from n-hexane monitoring,health surveillance and occupational poisoning at the workplace of enterprises in this region,and all the collected information was analyzed by Excel. Results N-hexane existed in medium-sized and small enterprises,mainly in electronic,printing,plastic enterprises,50. 5% for electronic enterprises,monitoring qualification rate raised generally,had an average of 81. 5%; The ratio of using n-hexane in cleaning,printing,silk-screen jobs were higher than other jobs,2 884 people in the using n-hexane enterprises were inspected in three years. The rate of occupation health examination was 94. 5%; One case of occupation of chronic n-hexane poisoning was diagnosed. Conclusion Supervision and publicity of n-hexane in key enterprises should be strengthened,it's suggested to use non-toxic or low toxic alternatives in the enterprises,intensify the protection measures of the occupation health to protect the workers' health.
【CateGory Index】： R135.1