Analysis of epidemic characteristics and prevention and control measures of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Xiangyang city from 2004 to 2013
QIU De-zhi;LIU Li;DING Xiu-hua;Xiangyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention;
Objective To analyze the epidemiologic features of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome( HFRS) in Xiangyang city from 2004 to 2013,and provide scientific basis for the prevention and control measures. Methods Data of HFRS epidemics in people and host animals was collected in Xiangyang city from 2004 to 2013 and analyzed with the method of descriptive epidemiology. Results A total of 644 HFRS cases were confirmed,the average annual incidence rate was1. 170 /1000 000. Twenty-three death cases were reported,the average mortality rate was 0. 041 /1000 000; The time of onset was mainly in autumn and winter,case in young male-dominated,the male to female ratio was 2. 98∶ 1,and their occupational distribution were farmers and workers mainly. Apodemus agrarius was the dominant species in the field,rattus norvegicus was the dominant species of indoor. Conclusion Taking disease surveillance,rodent comprehensive measures,health education and the application of vaccines can reduce the incidence and protect people's health.
【CateGory Index】： R512.8;R181.3