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Laboratory tests of hand-foot-mouth disease in Ankang city from 2013 to 2014

DU Dong-dong;LIU-Bin;WANG-Duo;LIU Wan-jing;QU Ya-rong;YUAN Ling-yun;Microbiology Laboratory,Ankang Center of Disease Control and Prevention;  
Objective To analyze the etiology characteristics of hand- food- mouth disease( HFMD) in Ankang city from2013 to 2014 and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control. Methods The clinic specimen of patients with HFMD who were from 10 districts of An Kang were tested by fluorescent quantitation PCR. Results 1 113 cases were detected and 489 were positive,taking up 43. 94% of the total( 489 /1 113) of which 156 samples were EV71 positive( 150 /489),accounting for 31. 90%,116 samples were Cox A16 positives,accounting for 23. 72%( 116 /489),and 217 samples were other types of intestinal virus positive,accounting for 44. 38%( 217 /489). There were significant differences in the detection rate of viral nucleic acids among different genders. Children aged under 5 years were mostly affected. Conclusion The main of other type of intestinal virus are detected in the intestinal tract in 2013- 2014. So the detection of pathogenic surveillance should be enhanced and other types of intestinal virus of HFMD should be also successively carried on type testing.
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