Analysis of epidemic situation for infectious diseases of Yanbian state in 2014
XUAN Shan-mei;CHEN Long-nan;GUO Shou-hui;Yanbian Centre for Disease Control and Prevention;
Objective To understand the epidemic characteristics and trends of legal infectious diseases in Yanbian in2014. Methods By adopting the method of descriptive epidemiology,the data of infectious diseases and death data in 2014 which Yanbian state reported to "China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention"was analyzed. Results A total of 19 kinds of legal infectious diseases were reported in Yanbian State in 2014. The incidence was 370. 80 /100 000,55. 43% higher than in 2013. Respiratory infectious diseases accounted for 51. 37% of the total number of A and B class infectious diseases. Blood- borne diseases accounted for 42. 20% of total number of A and B class infectious diseases. Incidence ratio was 1. 41∶ 1. The incidence of various age groups were more than 800 /100 000 among the people under the age of 10. And the incidence of 1 to 6 age group was more than 2 000 /100 000,and it was higher than other groups. The incidence of 60 to 70 age group was more than 200 /100 000 among the people over the age of 10. Childcare children accounted for 23. 77%,then housework and unemployment accounted for 18. 86%. Scattered children accounted for 18. 32%,then students accounted for 18. 00%. Conclusion Incidence of infectious disease in Yanbian in 2014 is higher than 2013.Most are respiratory infectious diseases and blood- borne diseases. Incidence of men is higher than women and the incidence of 1 to 6 age group and 60 to 70 age group is higher than other groups. Among them,most are childcare children,housework,unemployment,scattered children and students. So more attention must be paid to c class infectious disease and the monitoring work should be strengthened.