AIDS sentinel surveillance among MSM in Changchun,2013-2015
DOU Ming-yang;LI Xue-jing;Erdao District Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Changchun;
Objective To analyze of the prevalence of HIV / AIDS risk behaviors among MSM( men who have sex with men) and the serological test results during 2013 and 2015 in Changchun,and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of HIV / AIDS in this population. Methods HIV / AIDS sentinel surveillance data of MSM during 2013 and2015 in Changchun were collected. The surveillance results of the AIDS high risk behavior and the serological test results were analyzed. Results Among the MSM in Changchun during 2013 and 2015,the main population was young,unmarried and local residents. More than 80% of the monitoring object occurred in homosexual anal sex. However,the condom use rates of the homosexual anal sex in the past six months were 81. 39%,45. 09% and 43. 17% from 2013 to 2015. It was significantly decreased( χ2= 30. 854,P 0. 001). The knowledge awareness rate of HIV / AIDS prevention and control was 95. 36%,97. 86% and 99. 35%,respectively. The positive rate of HIV antibody was 5. 80%,12. 85% and 15. 50%and the positive rate of syphilis antibody was 9. 78%,11. 37% and 3. 26% from 2013 to 2015. Conclusion Although the awareness rate of AIDS prevention and control knowledge of MSM in Changchun is higher,however,the proportion of HIV/ AIDS risk behavior is still high in the MSM population. There is a serious phenomenon of the disjoint between knowledge and behavior. The HIV infection rate in MSM is increasing year by year. It should be strengthened the intervention of the MSM to control the spread of the epidemic effectively.