Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of the measles laboratory confirmed cases in Liaoyang city during 2012 to 2015
WANG Chun-ming;Liaoyang Center for Disease Control and Prevetion;
Objective To understand the epidemic characteristics of measles prevalence in Liaoyang city from 2012 to 2015 and provide the scientific basis and reference for measles elimination in the further improvement of strategies and measures.Methods The measles laboratory confirmed cases collected in Liaoyang city from 2012 to 2015 were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method.Results Totally 526 measles laboratory confirmed cases were reported during 2012 to 2015 and the average incidence rate was 9.25 per 100 thousand.512 cases were reported in 2014 and the incidence rate was 27.96 per 100 thousand. The epidemic peak appeared from March to April. Cases were reported in rural areas,town and city and the highest accidence rate was 10.58 per 100 thousand in the rural area. The highest accidence rate was 100.76 per 100 thousand within 8 months old and the highest proportion of cases was 71.10% over 15 years old. The sex ratio was 1.31 ∶1.The occupation of cases mainly were peasants,scattered children and students. Of the measles cases,83( 15.78%) cases vaccinated through measles containing vaccine( MCV),63( 11.98%) cases were not and 380( 72.24%) cases had not the clear immunization records. The proportion was 67.47% by parents' memory on their children's immunization status. Conclusion It should be constantly strengthen the measles epidemic monitoring and improve the quality of measles surveillance especially in rural areas,and comprehensively promote the work of centralized vaccination in rural areas. MCV supplementary immunization activity among eligible children and key population should be conducted with maintaining higher routine immunization coverage.The flexible,practical and comprehensive prevention and control measures of measles are used to the elder group.
【CateGory Index】： R511.1;R181.3