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《Chinese Journal of Animal Science》 1992-01
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The Long-Term Effects of Manganese (Mn) Deficiency and Excess in a practical Diet on Performances of Broiler Chicks

LUO Xugang Institute of Animal Science Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (100094)  
120 day-old Arbor Acres (AA) broiler (1/2公, 1/2母) were randomly allotted to three groups which were fed either a basal corn-soybean meal diet Containing 17ppm Mn (Mn-deficient group) or Mn-supplemented (reagent grade MnS04·H20) diets containing 120ppm Mn (control group) and 2840ppm Mn (Mn-excessive group) in cages for 8 weeks. The results indicated that compared to the control group, Mn deficiency reduced bodyweight gain (P0.05) of the chicks and Mn contents of metatarsal bone ash, liver, pancreas, heart, spleen, bile (p0.01) and muscle (P0.05)and MnSOD activity (P0.01) of heart, and increased an incidence of leg abnormality and CuZnSOD activity of heart(P0.01)and feed intake per unit gain (F/G) (P0.05). Mn excess decreased feed intake and bodyweight gain (P0.01), and raised Mn contents (P0.01) of the above mentioned tissues and tile and also feed intake per unit gain (P0.05) , and had no further effects (P0.05) on an incidence of leg abnormality and heart MnSOD and CuZnSOD activities (P0.05) .
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