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Studies on the Cell Membrane-lipid Peroxidation and Endogenous Protective Enzymes Activity in Relation to Leaf Maturity of Flue-cured Tobacco

Han Jinfeng; Wang Yaofu; Lin Xuewu(Henan Agricultural University)  
During the maturation of tobacco leaves, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT ) decreased, while the malondialdehyde (MDA) content, a product of membrane lipid peroxidation, and the relative permeability (RP) of cell membrane increased with the increasing of maturity. The sequence of activities of SOD, POD and CAT in the leaves of different stalk position were upper, middle and lower leaves, and that of MDA content and RP turned out contrary to the three kinds of enzyme activity. The results suggested that the ripeness and senescence of tobacco leaves seemed to having something to do with the imbalance of activated oxygen metabolism in tobacco plant, and that the injury of oxygen free radicals in lower leaves was more serious than that in the middle and upper leaves during the maturation of tobacco leaves, which was probably an important cause that the lower leaves of tobacco plant were not ripeness-enduring.
【CateGory Index】: S572
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