HIV Prevalence among Pre - mantal Couples in Yining City, Xinjiang
MAO Yu -rong, ZHENG Xi - wen, PAN Cheng - dong, el al .National Center for AIDS Prevention and Contrd , Beijing 100050, China
Objective To determine the prevalence of HIV infection among pre - mantal couples in Yining, Xinjiang province.Methods Data was collected between 1998 to 1999 from physical examinations and questionnaires conducted among pre-marital couples. Results Among 9 762 people who participated in the pre - mantai physical check - ups and survey, 97 (1 .0%) were diagnosed as HIV positive.The HIV prevalence rate in 1999 had almost doubled to that from the previous year, from 0.7% in 1998 to 1.3% in 1999.Among males, the HIV prevalence rate was higher than females at 1.8% and 0.2% respectively.While the HIV prevalence rate among the Uygur ethnic group (2.0%) was mach higher than other ethnicities. Among those diagnosed witli HIV, 79.4% (77/97) admitted tliat they had a history of drug use.Conclusion Yining is a city with a higli prevalence of HIV infection. Developing HIV screening among pre - marital couples can protect spouses and prevent HIV spread among the general population, through sexual and mother to infant transmission.