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《Chinese Tobacco Science》 2015-06
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Relationship between Appearance Quanlity and Deliveres of Main Harmful Compounds in Mainstream Smoke from Flue-cured Tobacco Leaves

FU Qiujuan;LIU Jiahong;ZHANG Huaibao;ZHANG Zhongfeng;HOU Xiaodong;ZHENG Chengpeng;DU Yongmei;ZHAO Yougen;Tobacco Research Institute of CAAS;Qujing Company of Tobacco Companies in Yunnan Province;Linyi Tobacco Company of Shandong Province;Liangshan Tobacco Company of Sichuan;  
218 samples of flue-cured tobacco leaves of representative area in China were collected to investigate relationship between major appearance characteristic and deliveries of harmful compounds in mainstream smoke of flue-cured tobacco leaves. Variance analysis was used to study the difference of deliveries of tar, nicotine and seven harmful ingredients(carbon monoxide, benzopyrene, phenol, hydrogen cyanide, NNK, ammonia, crotonaldehyde) in mainstream smoke between different characteristic of maturity, color, body, oil, leaf structure, color intensity of flue-cured tobacco leaves. Results showed that color, body, leaf structure of tobacco leaves had significant influence on deliveries of harmful compounds in mainstream smoke, but that of the maturity, oil and color intensity had a little influence.The deliveries of tar, nicotine, phenol, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide in mainstream smoke of orange tobacco leaves were greater than that of lemon tobacco leaves. In general, the deliveries of nicotine, phenol in mainstream smoke of fleshy tobacco leaves were larger than that of less thin tobacco leaves. With the tobacco leaves structure tending to be loose, The deliveries of tar, nicotine and phenol in mainstream smoke were significant decrease, and the deliveries of crotonaldehyde were significant increase.
【Fund】: 中国烟草总公司项目“烤烟烟叶原料安全性评价体系研究”(110200902063);; 云南省烟草公司项目“提高中华品牌曲靖烟叶原料需求匹配度关键技术研究”(2013YN22)
【CateGory Index】: TS411
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 HE Zhi-jun et al(Research Center of Flue-cured Tobacco Materials,Yunnan Academy of Tobacco Sciences,Kunming,Yunnan 650106);Evaluation of Chemical Characteristics of Yunnan Flue-cured Tobacco Leaves by Grey Situation Decision[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2012-27
2 HU Haizhou;YAO Zhongda;SHU Junsheng;LIU Xinmin;GUO Dongfeng;Tobacco Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Technology Center of China Tobacco Anhui Industrial Company Ltd.;;Influence of starch content on the main smoke stream components of flue-cured tobacco[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural University;2014-02
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
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