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《Chinese Journal of Oil Crop Sciences》 2008-01
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Factor and cluster analysis of sesame(Sesamum indicum) germplasm resources

ZHANG Peng1, ZHANG Hai-yang2, ZHENG Yong-zhan2, GUO Wang-zhen1, WEI Li-bin1 ,ZHANG Tian-zhen1 (1.National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095,China;2.Cotton & Oil Crop Research Institute, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002,China)  
Twenty one traits of 186 sesame germplasm resources from China and abroad were investigated, eight main agronomic characters of which were analysed by using factor analysis method. Cluster analysis was carried on all the traits. The result indicated that 186 cultivars can be divided into 7 groups. The result indicated that Chinese sesame could be originated in southern region and with subsequent northward spreading to other places in China. The most important factors for seed yield were capsules per plant, 1 000-seed weight, flower period and capsule length; and they showed significant positive correlation with yield. These characteristics have greater variation within the region than among the regions. The grouping of genotypes in clusters was not related to their geographic origin, which suggested that the parental genetic distance should be taken into account for super-high-yield breeding .
【Fund】: 河南省杰出人才创新基金项目(0421002200);; 河南省重大科技攻关项目(0422011300)
【CateGory Index】: S565.3
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